Depression and the Elderly
Everyone needs social connections to thrive. But as people age, they often find themselves spending more time alone. Loneliness and social isolation are associated with higher rates of depression.
Although many older adults felt isolated and lonely before COVID-19, the pandemic has amplified this situation. Many seniors view visits with family and friends as special events—something to look forward to with excited anticipation. These visits may be what keeps the individual thriving. When they’re changed from in-person contact to just conversations on the phone—or worse, to infrequent or nonexistent contact—depression may be the result.
Prevalence of Depression Among Older Adults
Depression isn’t an inevitable part of getting older. But life’s changes such as retirement, declining health and the death of loved ones can trigger depression.
A 2019 National Survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Center for Health Statistics revealed several statistics regarding depression.
18.4% of adults 65 and older in the survey experienced symptoms of depression.
Women were more likely than men to experience symptoms of depression.
Asian adults were least likely to experience symptoms of depression compared with Hispanic, white and black adults.
Other statistics revealed by the CDC show:
13.5% of the elderly requiring home care suffer from depression
11.5% of the elderly hospitalized suffer from depression
Medical Conditions and Medication
Any medical condition, especially those that are painful, debilitating or life-threatening, can result in symptoms of depression. On top of that, medications used to treat many of these conditions also increase the risk of depression in older adults. Anti-inflammatory drugs, cardiovascular drugs, chemotherapy drugs, anticonvulsants, hormone drugs , sedatives and stimulants are some of these medications.
Symptoms of Depression
Depression in the elderly can manifest in many ways. It’s important to know the signs of depression and what to look for in seniors. Below are symptoms of depression that may be present.
Feeling worthless or helpless
Loss of interest in social activities or hobbies
Unexplained or aggravated pain or digestive problems
Weight loss or loss of appetite
Lack of motivation and energy
Increased use of alcohol or drug
Fixation on death